Police Scotland confirms roll-out of cyber kiosk technology despite concerns
Cyber kiosks are desktop computers, which will be located in police stations across local policing divisions.
“The technology allows specially trained officers to triage mobile devices to determine if they contain information which may be of value to a police investigation or incident,” the agency said. “This will allow lines of enquiry to be progressed at a much earlier stage and devices that are not relevant to an investigation to be returned quicker.”
Deputy Chief Const. Malcolm Graham noted, “We are committed to providing the best possible service to victims and witnesses of crime. This means we must keep pace with society. People of all ages now lead a significant part of their lives online and this is reflected in how we investigate crime and the evidence we present to courts. Many online offences disproportionately affect the most vulnerable people in our society, such as children at risk of sexual abuse, and our priority is to protect those people.
“Increases in the involvement of digital devices in investigations and the ever-expanding capabilities of these devices mean that demand on digital forensic examinations is higher than ever. Current limitations however, mean the devices of victims, witnesses and suspects can be taken for months at a time, even if it later transpires that there is no worthwhile evidence on them.
“By quickly identifying devices which do and do not contain evidence, we can minimise the intrusion on people’s lives and provide a better service to the public.”
Police Scotland also noted it recognizes the use of personal data as a key resource for law enforcement comes with the tension between intrusiveness and the need to maintain public consent.
“These valid concerns have been the subject of extensive consultation and scrutiny by internal and external reference groups which have supported the development of publicly available information explaining policies and processes, along with impact assessments to mitigate any concerns raised,” the agency stated.
“Data ethics is an area of growing importance across U.K. Policing and Police Scotland are developing a Data Ethics Governance Framework to balance requirements to comply with data protection and privacy regulations, ensure fair and reasonable data usage, maximize the use of data for public good and ensure legitimacy of the police service.”
The Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service and independent senior counsel have affirmed the existence of a legal basis for the use of cyber kiosks.
Police Scotland said it will only examine a digital device where there is a legal basis and where it is necessary, justified and proportionate to the incident or crime under investigation.
Cyber kiosks used by Police Scotland will not be enabled to store data from digital devices. Once an examination is complete, all device data is securely deleted from the cyber kiosk.
Forty-one cyber kiosks have been procured and will be located in police stations across all policing divisions. It is anticipated all will be operational by the end of May 2020.
Significant consultation has been undertaken with external advisory and stakeholder groups, said Police Scotland, adding it held a series of public engagement events on digital forensics in 2019.