Supreme Court of Canada upholds strong privacy protections when police collect text messages
On Dec. 8, 2017, the Supreme Court of Canada issued judgments in two cases critical to defining Canadians’ privacy interests in text messages: R. v. Jones and R. v. Marakah. The Court held that Canadians have privacy interests in their text messages, even after the messages have been sent and received. However, the Court decided that police need not meet stringent warrant standards before collecting already sent text messages directly from a telecommunications provider.
“Today’s decisions were surprising,” said Caily DiPuma, acting litigation director for the BC Civil Liberties Association (BCCLA). “On one hand, the Court confirmed that Canadians have privacy protections for their text communications. But a majority of the Court also held that police can seize stored text messages directly from a telecommunications provider without meeting stringent warrant requirements.”
The BCCLA intervened in both cases to urge the Court to adopt strong privacy protections for the private conversations Canadians have by text message.
In R. v. Marakah, police found text messages sent by Mr. Marakah on the phone of the recipient of Mr. Marakah’s texts. The BCCLA argued that Mr. Marakah continued to have a reasonable expectation of privacy in his sent text messages. The Supreme Court of Canada agreed and confirmed that the privacy protections in section 8 of the Charter continue to protect text communications even after they are sent.
R. v. Jones considered the standard police have to meet when seeking a warrant to acquire text messages from a telecommunications provider after the texts have been sent and received. The BCCLA argued the police should have to meet the stringent warrant standard under Part VI of the Criminal Code. The Supreme Court of Canada The Court held that police are only required to meet a much lower standard when collecting set messages directly from a telecommunications provider.